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Knight orders-Military orders
orders-military orders in medieval times. List of military orders.
Knights Templar, Hospitallers, Knights of St. John, Teutonic knights,
Calatrava knights and others.
Medieval Knight Orders
Info and amazing about knight military orders in medieval times.
Military orders were organizations of knights offering two the
most interesting works in medieval times: war and religion. First Knight
orders were established during crusades. Military orders became stronger
with a huge influence in policy of medieval Europe.
List of the Military orders
Other names: Templars, Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple
of Solomon, Order of the Temple
Founded: 1118 by Hugues de Payens and next 8 knights.
Templars were one of the famous of the Christian military orders. Their
original purpose was protection of the travelers to Holy Land.
Templars were very successful and the order grew rapidly. Templars owned
numerous castles and lands in various European countries, they provided
first banking system in Europe, they were known for charity.
Their success was probably reason of their end. Templars were banned in
the beginning of the 14th century by Philip IV, king of France and by
Clement V. Highly ranked templars were arested and executed. The templar
Order was disbanded in 1312.
Templar cross: red cross on white background.
Other names: Hospitallers, Order of Hospitallers, Sovereign Military
Order of Malta, Knights of Malta, Knights of St. John
Founded by Blessed Gerard
The name Hospitallers came because they cared of sick pilgrims to Holy
land. After fall of Holy Land the Hospitallers moved to Rhodos and later
The Order of Knights of Saint John is in service till today and it has a
protestant branches in England, Germany, Sweden.
Cross of Hospitallers: white cross on black background / white cross on
Other names: Teutonic knights, German knights, Order of Brothers of the
German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem
The Teutonic Order was founded in 1190 during the siege of Acre, when a
hospital brotherhood was established to care for the many sick German
crusaders. It was given a building after the conquest of the city, and
in 1198 was turned into a military-monastic order on the model of the
Hospitallers of Saint John and the Templars.
Teutonic knights were on of the most powerful military order. They owned
huge ares in northern and central Europe: Germany, Poland, Baltic
states, cities and castles in Czech kingdom.
Teutonic cross: black cross on white background.
Knights of Saint James
Other names: Hospitallers of Saint Jame, Knights of the Tau
Founded in Italy, TUscany. Order took care of pilgrims, sick and they
also took care of local safety around roads and bridges.
Saint James cross: red cross on white background.
Other names: Order of Calatrava.
Spanish military order founded in Castile as a military branch of
Cistercians. Calatrava knights fought against Moors during reconquista.
Calatrava cross: Red cross combined with fleur de lis on back
Other military orders in medieval Europe: Order of the Dragon,
Order of Saint Michael of the Wing, Knights of the Cross with the Red
Star, Livonian Brothers of the Sword, Militia of Jesus Christ,
Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem and many more.