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armor types and parts of medieval armor. Knight armor. Cloth armor,
leather armor, chain mail, plate armor (plate mail).
Amazing info about medieval armor.
Medieval armor offered a protection against various weapons on medieval
battlefield. Medieval armor still improved as new weapons came on the
scene. Medieval armor was used from 5th century till it became obsolete
(with massive use of guns).
Medieval times full of knights in shining armor are myth as the full
plate armor (as we know from fairytales and history movies) was
introduced during the 15th century and it was more significant
protection for renaissance than for entire medieval age.
Full plate armor had approximately 50 lbs in weight which was strong
enough to protect the medieval knights but light enough to allow quick
movement on the battlefield.
Medieval armor types
Cloth armor (padded armor)
Cloth or padded armor was worn as armour separately, or combined with
mail or plate armor. Cloth armor was used for example by crossbowmen or
by knights under chainmail or under plate armor.
Leather was a cheap and relatively easily accessible material to obtain
during the Middle Ages. Although rarely used for clothing, it found use
in certain types of armor. Most purely leather armor would have been
worn early in the Middle Ages, although leather continued to see use as
a foundational material for other types of armor even into the Late
Brigandine is a form of leather armor from the Middle Ages. It is
a cloth garment, generally canvas or leather, lined with small oblong
steel plates riveted to the fabric. Brigandines came to Europe with
Mongol invasion in 13th century and were in use till the 16th century.
Scale armor (scale mail)
Scale armour is an early form of armour sometimes erroneously called
scale mail consisting of many individual small armour scales (plates) of
various shapes attached to each other and to a backing of cloth or
leather in overlapping rows. Sale armor was worn by warriors in various
cultures: vikings, Persians, Ottomans, it was widely used also in Chine
and in India.
Chainmail or mail armor
Made of interlocking steel or iron rings riveted closed, mail is
flexible and tough. It was used nonstop from the height of the Roman
Empire until the end of the Renaissance, reaching its peak in use during
the High Middle Ages. Chainmail was worn by vikings, normans and pan
euuropean knights and warriors during middle ages.
Chainmail was widely commercially available. Offers good protection
against cuts. Disadvantage was ist weight, loud and inability to pretect
against thrusts and crushes.
Plate armor (plate mail)
Plate armor is the strongest type of armor that was worn in the Middle
Ages. Most durable armor. The plate armor offered good protection
against all weapons except crossbows and guns. Disadvantage of the plate
armor was its weight, loud and high price. The only nobles and rich
knights were able to buy plate armor.
One knight in plate armor on his horse was as much effective as 7-10
Medieval knights and warriors combined various types of armor for
example chainmail with breastplate or leather armor with chainmail hood.
Parts of medieval armor include horse armor
Shields were an important part of medieval defense.
Kite shields - The kite shields were used by Normans. Rounded at
the top of the shield and tapered at the bottom providing body cover as
chain mail was the only protection in the early Middle Ages.
Heater shields - The 'heater' shields, strongly associated with
jousting knights. These were smaller as they complimented full suits of
armor and were suited to horseback.
Buckler shield - The Buckler was a a small round, metal shield
which could be hung from a belt. This type of shield was reserved for
Pavise shield-( Wall Shields) - The Pavise was the shield used by
Crossbow men. This type of tall shield provided protection when
reloading his crossbow.
Targe shield (or Target shields) were the traditional Scottish
round shield. Round shields were used also by vikings.
Bouche shield - the 'bouche' was a shiled designed to be used
with the lance.
Medieval helmets protected head of medieval knights and warriors.
Helmets were often the strongest part of armor.
Examples of medieval helmets:
Great helm-in the late twelfth century in the context of the
crusades and remained in use until the fourteenth century.
Bascinet-bascinet was a Medieval European open-faced military
helmet, typically fitted with an aventail and hinged visor.
Barbute-A barbute is a visorless war helmet of 14th to 15th
century Italian design, often with distinctive "T" shaped or "Y" shaped
opening for the eyes and mouth.
Kettle helmet-common infantry medieval helmet used in 100 years
war, by crossbowmen, hussites and by many ofther fighters.
Norman helmet-classical helmet of the norman knights and
warriors, very widely used helmet in medieval europe.
Spangenhelm-early medieval helmet used in northern Europe by
Germans, Saxons, vikings and Russians.
Sallet-The sallet (also called salade and schaller) was a war
helmet that replaced the bascinet in northern Europe and Hungary during
the mid-15th century.
Morion-late medieval and renasissance helmet associated with
Spanish conquistadors. Widely used during 30years war. Swiss guard in
Vatican wearing the morion till today.
Medieval Armor for sale