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Medieval sword glossary

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Medieval armor

medieval armorMedieval armor types and parts of medieval armor. Knight armor. Cloth armor, leather armor, chain mail, plate armor (plate mail).

Amazing info about medieval armor.

Medieval armor
Medieval armor offered a protection against various weapons on medieval battlefield. Medieval armor still improved as new weapons came on the scene. Medieval armor was used from 5th century till it became obsolete (with massive use of guns).

Medieval times full of knights in shining armor are myth as the full plate armor (as we know from fairytales and history movies) was introduced during the 15th century and it was more significant protection for renaissance than for entire medieval age.

Full plate armor had approximately 50 lbs in weight which was strong enough to protect the medieval knights but light enough to allow quick movement on the battlefield.

Medieval armor types

Cloth armor (padded armor)
Cloth or padded armor was worn as armour separately, or combined with mail or plate armor. Cloth armor was used for example by crossbowmen or by knights under chainmail or under plate armor.

Leather armor
Leather was a cheap and relatively easily accessible material to obtain during the Middle Ages. Although rarely used for clothing, it found use in certain types of armor. Most purely leather armor would have been worn early in the Middle Ages, although leather continued to see use as a foundational material for other types of armor even into the Late Middle Ages.

Brigandine is a form of leather armor from the Middle Ages. It is a cloth garment, generally canvas or leather, lined with small oblong steel plates riveted to the fabric. Brigandines came to Europe with Mongol invasion in 13th century and were in use till the 16th century.

Scale armor (scale mail)
Scale armour is an early form of armour sometimes erroneously called scale mail consisting of many individual small armour scales (plates) of various shapes attached to each other and to a backing of cloth or leather in overlapping rows. Sale armor was worn by warriors in various cultures: vikings, Persians, Ottomans, it was widely used also in Chine and in India.

Chainmail or mail armor
Made of interlocking steel or iron rings riveted closed, mail is flexible and tough. It was used nonstop from the height of the Roman Empire until the end of the Renaissance, reaching its peak in use during the High Middle Ages. Chainmail was worn by vikings, normans and pan euuropean knights and warriors during middle ages.
Chainmail was widely commercially available. Offers good protection against cuts. Disadvantage was ist weight, loud and inability to pretect against thrusts and crushes.

Plate armor (plate mail)
Plate armor is the strongest type of armor that was worn in the Middle Ages. Most durable armor. The plate armor offered good protection against all weapons except crossbows and guns. Disadvantage of the plate armor was its weight, loud and high price. The only nobles and rich knights were able to buy plate armor.
One knight in plate armor on his horse was as much effective as 7-10 medieval footmen.

Medieval knights and warriors combined various types of armor for example chainmail with breastplate or leather armor with chainmail hood.

Parts of medieval armor include horse armor

medieval armor parts
Medieval shields
Shields were an important part of medieval defense.
Shield types:

Kite shields - The kite shields were used by Normans. Rounded at the top of the shield and tapered at the bottom providing body cover as chain mail was the only protection in the early Middle Ages.
Heater shields - The 'heater' shields, strongly associated with jousting knights. These were smaller as they complimented full suits of armor and were suited to horseback.
Buckler shield - The Buckler was a a small round, metal shield which could be hung from a belt. This type of shield was reserved for hand-to-hand combat.
Pavise shield-( Wall Shields) - The Pavise was the shield used by Crossbow men. This type of tall shield provided protection when reloading his crossbow.
Targe shield (or Target shields) were the traditional Scottish round shield. Round shields were used also by vikings.
Bouche shield - the 'bouche' was a shiled designed to be used with the lance.

Medieval helmets
Medieval helmets protected head of medieval knights and warriors. Helmets were often the strongest part of armor.
Examples of medieval helmets:
medieval helmets
Great helm-in the late twelfth century in the context of the crusades and remained in use until the fourteenth century.
Bascinet-bascinet was a Medieval European open-faced military helmet, typically fitted with an aventail and hinged visor.
Barbute-A barbute is a visorless war helmet of 14th to 15th century Italian design, often with distinctive "T" shaped or "Y" shaped opening for the eyes and mouth.
Kettle helmet-common infantry medieval helmet used in 100 years war, by crossbowmen, hussites and by many ofther fighters.
Norman helmet-classical helmet of the norman knights and warriors, very widely used helmet in medieval europe.
Spangenhelm-early medieval helmet used in northern Europe by Germans, Saxons, vikings and Russians.
Sallet-The sallet (also called salade and schaller) was a war helmet that replaced the bascinet in northern Europe and Hungary during the mid-15th century.
Morion-late medieval and renasissance helmet associated with Spanish conquistadors. Widely used during 30years war. Swiss guard in Vatican wearing the morion till today.

Medieval Armor for sale